Recently, I watched a business consultant explain how visionary companies focus on why, not what, but most normal companies focus on what, not why.
Most religious people find themselves no closer to God in spite of all their efforts because they mistake the hamster wheel of tradition for progress towards God.
Tradition is static. It is a list of whats. Truth is dynamic. It is about the why. The why will inform whats, but those whats will be dynamic--they will depend on the individual, the situation, and the time.
Any religion that consists of a list of static rules must, by definition, be tradition and not truth. It doesn't actually matter if those traditions actually come from God's word at some point. Like a snapshot of a flowing river, a static recording of a dynamic system is only correct at one moment in time.
When you focus on the why, you can't get caught in the tradition trap like those who focus on the what. Those who focus on the what don't realize that their source of "God's" commandments is always a man (either someone else or themselves) and not God.
Contrast this perspective to that of Jesus during his mortal ministry. He said:
28 ...I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things.
29 And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him. (John 8)
Jesus' why was to please the Father. And how do we do that?
Most people rely on a list of whats because it is simple. Although a newcomer might struggle to get used to the rules, once you are there (or if you are born into that tradition), it is a piece of cake. All you have to do is coast your way into heaven. Keep the boxes checked, and you never have to think. You never have to change. You never have to rely on God, because your tradition provides all the security you ever need. You thank God that you are not one of those sinners over there instead of realizing that your lack of perception of custom commandments is a sign of your distance from God.
When you focus on the why, you can't ever rest on your laurels. You never know when God is going to ask you to sacrifice your son, marry a harlot, go live in a cave, threaten the irate king, be sawn in half, get stoned to death, cut off someone's head, or any other number of unexpected adventures lived by righteous men and women focused on the why.
Joseph Smith said "Every Man were st stimulated by a certain Motive, to act motive preceeds action & if we want to know ourselves this is the Key to Examin the motive what it is, & the fact will be manifest." (Words of Joseph Smith, 16 February 1841, McIntire Minute Book)
What is the motive of those who focus on the whats? Deep down inside, they do not trust God. They fear that he will ask them to do something that is not in their best interest. They would rather trust in a laundry list of commandments. They do not like the idea that they are in need of continual, progressive repentance. They do not have broken hearts and contrite spirits. They rely on their pride and their inflated self image instead of God. They trust in the carnal pleasures they enjoy that lie between the cracks of their static commandments. They do not want to put everything on the altar. They hold back what their hearts are focused on.
There are two principles that should form your motive if you are a disciple of Jesus Christ. They are:
1. "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind." (Matthew 22:37)
2. "Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself." (Matthew 22:39)
Moroni 7 is a fascinating chapter. Have you ever wondered why he uses the word "good" instead of giving a list of things that are good? Or "evil" instead of listing the things that are evil? If you consider the idea of why, it will unlock the meaning of Moroni 7.
4 And now my brethren, I judge these things of you because of your peaceable walk with the children of men.
5 For I remember the word of God which saith by their works ye shall know them; for if their works be good, then they are good also.
6 For behold, God hath said a man being evil cannot do that which is good; for if he offereth a gift, or prayeth unto God, except he shall do it with real intent it profiteth him nothing.
7 For behold, it is not counted unto him for righteousness.
8 For behold, if a man being evil giveth a gift, he doeth it grudgingly; wherefore it is counted unto him the same as if he had retained the gift; wherefore he is counted evil before God.
9 And likewise also is it counted evil unto a man, if he shall pray and not with real intent of heart; yea, and it profiteth him nothing, for God receiveth none such.
10 Wherefore, a man being evil cannot do that which is good; neither will he give a good gift.
11 For behold, a bitter fountain cannot bring forth good water; neither can a good fountain bring forth bitter water; wherefore, a man being a servant of the devil cannot follow Christ; and if he follow Christ he cannot be a servant of the devil.
12 Wherefore, all things which are good cometh of God; and that which is evil cometh of the devil; for the devil is an enemy unto God, and fighteth against him continually, and inviteth and enticeth to sin, and to do that which is evil continually.
13 But behold, that which is of God inviteth and enticeth to do good continually; wherefore, every thing which inviteth and enticeth to do good, and to love God, and to serve him, is inspired of God.
14 Wherefore, take heed, my beloved brethren, that ye do not judge that which is evil to be of God, or that which is good and of God to be of the devil.
15 For behold, my brethren, it is given unto you to judge, that ye may know good from evil; and the way to judge is as plain, that ye may know with a perfect knowledge, as the daylight is from the dark night.
16 For behold, the Spirit of Christ is given to every man, that he may know good from evil; wherefore, I show unto you the way to judge; for every thing which inviteth to do good, and to persuade to believe in Christ, is sent forth by the power and gift of Christ; wherefore ye may know with a perfect knowledge it is of God.
17 But whatsoever thing persuadeth men to do evil, and believe not in Christ, and deny him, and serve not God, then ye may know with a perfect knowledge it is of the devil; for after this manner doth the devil work, for he persuadeth no man to do good, no, not one; neither do his angels; neither do they who subject themselves unto him.
18 And now, my brethren, seeing that ye know the light by which ye may judge, which light is the light of Christ, see that ye do not judge wrongfully; for with that same judgment which ye judge ye shall also be judged.
19 Wherefore, I beseech of you, brethren, that ye should search diligently in the light of Christ that ye may know good from evil; and if ye will lay hold upon every good thing, and condemn it not, ye certainly will be a child of Christ.